Posted on July 30, 2018 at 1:35 PM
DECOMPRESSION SPECIAL REPORT
�??YOU MAY BE ABLE TO AVOID SURGERY WITH
SPINAL DECOMPRESSION THERAPY�?�
If you or a loved one is suffering from disc herniation(s), degenerative joint disease, sciatica or other painful back or neck problems�?�
There is a very good chance that non-surgical spinal
decompression therapy will be music to your ears.
This treatment has helped thousands of back pain sufferers, even after over-the-counter drugs, injections and surgery have not worked.
How powerless is it to hear "We've done all we can do for you, you're just gonna have to live with the pain."
Guess what, you may not have to live with the pain ANYMORE!
Non-surgical spinal decompression is in the process of making spinal surgery and other back pain treatments much less popular.
And why not? Who wants surgery, which is often unsuccessful and when there is an alternative? Surgery is invasive, from the anesthesia to the severing of tissue.
Furthermore, back surgery presents significant risks including worse pain compared to pre-surgery and even severe adverse complications.
On the other hand, Spinal Decompression Therapy does not utilize drugs or surgery and has had very impressive results.
Won't the Pain Go Away on its Own?
There are 7 simple words that threaten to drastically affect the rest of your life. Those words are, �??It will go away all by itself "
If those words have crossed your mind, here are some facts that you need to consider:
1. 80-90% of all adults will suffer with low back pain at some time in there life.5
2. Lower back pain is the leading cause of disability for people under 45 years of age. 6
3. Lower back pain is the second leading cause of visits to doctors' offices.7
4. Lower back pain is the third leading reason for hospital admissions. 8
5. Annual costs of back pain in the U.S. range from $20-$75 billion, and as much as $100 billion worldwide. 9
6. According to Met Life Insurance statistics, the average back treated medically without surgery costs $7,210 and the average back treated surgically costs $13,990.10
7. Statistics indicate that 15-20% of the population has lower back pain in any given year ...approximately 32 million cases. 11
And when it comes to the pain just going away by itself, a study in the British Medical Journal proved this myth to be false. Here are the eye opening results regarding patients 12 months after initial medical consultation:
No pain & No Disability............. 25%
Pain OR Disability ..................... 25%
Pain AND Disability.................. 50%
The authors of the study concluded:
"This takes account of two consistent observations about lower back pain: firstly, a previous episode of lower back pain is the strongest risk factor for a new episode, and secondly, by age 30 years almost half the population will have experienced a substantive episode of lower back pain. These figures simply do not fit with claims that 90% of episodes of low back pain end in complete recovery." 12
Our conclusion....75% of back pain sufferers will have either pain or disability or pain AND disability one year after their initial consultation to a medical doctor...and it is clear that back pain does NOT usually get better without PROPER treatment.
The Disc and How It Causes Pain
Your spine is similar to 24 blocks stacked on top of each other. Between each set of blocks is a disc.
Discs are similar to a shock absorber on your car's suspension. The outside of the disc is made up of tough fibers called the annulus fibrosus and the inside has a soft, jelly like substance, the nucleus pulposus.
When your disc is injured or torn, the jelly-like substance on the inside can protrude or leak out. This is called a herniated disc. This substance is highly irritating to the surrounding anatomy and is a source of pain.
If the outer material is not torn, discs can bulge - without herniating. This is similar to stepping on a balloon when it doesn't pop. The balloon bulges out to one side or the other without the rubber breaking.
As you probably know, bulging or herniated discs are a major cause of back pain. These conditions can also cause nerves to be pinched that can cause pain or loss of sensation in your extremities including legs, arms, toes, etc.
What is Spinal Decompression Therapy?
Spinal Decompression Therapy is FDA cleared and has a very high success rate for pain associated with herniated or bulging discs...even after failed surgery.
It is a non-surgical, decompressive therapy for the relief of back and leg pain or neck and arm pain.
During this procedure, by cycling through distraction and relaxation phases and by proper positioning, a spinal disc in the neck or low back can be isolated and placed under negative pressure, causing a vacuum effect within it.
What can this vacuum effect do?
The vacuum effect accomplishes two things. From a mechanical standpoint, disc material that has protruded or herniated outside the normal confines of the disc can be pulled back within the disc by the vacuum created within the disc.
Also, the vacuum within the disc stimulates growth of blood supply, secondarily stimulating a healing response. This results in pain reduction and proper healing at the injured site.
What decompression system is used for this purpose?
After a significant amount of research, the Rutherford Back and Wellness Center chose what we believe to be the most sophisticated, technologically advanced, state-of-the-art decompression in the world.
We also selected this system due to its ability to treat discs in both the neck and the low back.
How is Spinal Decompression Therapy different from regular traction?
The computer head is the key. The preprogrammed patterns for ramping up and down the amount of axial distraction allows for higher levels of spinal decompression and disc rehydration.
Who can benefit from Spinal Decompression Therapy?
Anyone who has back pain or neck pain caused in whole or in part by a damaged disc may be helped by spinal decompression therapy.
These conditions include:
Herniated, protruding or bulging discs,
Facet syndrome, or
Arm or leg pain/numbness.
Are there medical studies that document the effectiveness of Spinal Decompression Therapy?
Most certainly! One study 13 documented by MRI up to 90% reduction of disc herniations in 10 of 14 cases!
Other studies 14 have reported that the majority of ruptured disc patients achieved "good" (50-89% improvement) to "excellent (90-100% improvement) results after spinal decompression therapy!
Are there conditions where Spinal Decompression Therapy is not indicated?
Spinal decompression therapy is not recommended for pregnant women, patients who have severe osteoporosis, severe obesity or severe nerve damage. Spinal surgery with instrumentation (screws, metal plates or �??cages�?�) is also contraindicated.
However, spinal decompression therapy after bone fusion or non-fusion surgery can be performed.
Are the sessions painful?
In almost all cases, the treatments are completely painless. In fact, some patients fall asleep during the spinal decompression session.
How many sessions will be needed and what is the cost?
The specific treatment plan will be determined by the doctor after your examination.
Do most patients receive therapy and rehabilitative exercises in addition to Spinal Decompression Therapy?
To reduce inflammation and assist the healing process, supporting structures are treated with passive therapies (ice/heat/muscle stimulation), chiropractic adjustments (as indicated) and/or active rehabilitation in order to strengthen the spinal musculature.
How do I get started?
We want make it easy for you to learn if you are a candidate for Spinal Decompression Therapy.
Just bring this report with you on your first visit and you will receive a complete evaluation - including consultation, history, orthopedic/neurological testing, X-rays (if indicated) and report of findings...
FOR ONLY $50.00
Need More Information?
If you need any additional information, please call (615) 295-0709 and ask to speak to me.
That's right, I'll talk to you personally in order to help you make the right decision. I look forward to having the opportunity to help you. So please�?�call today!
Dr. David B. Starkey
TELEPHONE (615) 295-0709
PS: Remember, for only $50, you can learn if you are candidate for Spinal Decompression Therapy! Why continue to suffer when the solution might be only a phone call away?
PPS: One last thing. If I determine that you are not a candidate for Spinal Decompression Therapy, I will tell you that and work to refer to you a doctor who can hopefully help you.
1. Gionis. Thomas. MD, JD, MBA, FICA, FRCS et al. The outcome of a clinical study evaluating the effect of nonsurgical intervention on symptoms of spine patients with herniaated and degenerative disc disease is presented. Spinal Decompression, Orthopedic Technological Review. November/December 200: Volume 5. Number 6: Pages cover. 36-39.
2. Eyerman, Edward. M.D. MRI Evidence of Nonsurgical, Mechanical Reduction, Rehydration and Repair of the Herniated Lumbar Disc. Journal of Neuroimaging Volume 8 / Number 2 April 1998
3. Shealy. Norman C.. M.D.. Ph.D.. F.A.C.S. New Concepts in Back Pain Management: Decompression, Reduction, and Stabilization. Pain Management Volume 1. 1998. pgs. 259-257
4. Eyerman, Edward. M.D. MRI Evidence of Nonsurgical, Mechanical Reduction, Rehydration and Repair of the Herniated Lumbar Disc. Journal of Neuroimaging Volume 8 / Number 2 April 1998
5. Bigos S. et al. Acute Low Back Problems in Adults, Clinical Practice Guideline No. 14. Rockville, MD: U.S. Public Health Service, Dept. of Health and Human Services. AHCPR pub. No 95-0642, Dec. 1994.
10. Mushinski M. Average hospital charges for medical and surgical treatment of back problems: United States. 1993. Statistical Bulletin. Metropolitan Life Insurance Co., Health and Safety Division. Medical Dept., April-June 1995.
11. Bigos S. et al. Acute Low Back Problems in Adults, Clinical Practice Guideline No. 14. Rockville, MD: U.S. Public Health Service, Dept. of Health and Human Services. AHCPR pub. No 95-0642, Dec. 1994.
12. Croft, Peter, et al,. Outcome of Low Back Pain in General Practice: A Prospective Study. British Medical Journal 1998: 316 : 1356-1359 (2 May).
13. Eyerman, Edward. Simple Pelvic Traction Gives Inconsistent Rellief to Herniated Disc Sufferers. Journal of Neuroimaging, June 1998.
14. Shealy, C. Norman, Borgmeyer, Vera. Decompression, Reduction, and Stabilization of the Lumbar Spine: A Cost-Effective Treatment for Lumbosacral Pain. American Journal of Pain Management Vol. 7 No. 2 April 1997.
Posted on July 30, 2018 at 1:10 PM
Spinal Decompression Therapy
By Dr. David B. Starkey
If youre suffering from a herniated disc and other treatments have not yielded sufficient benefit, you should find out if you might be a candidate for spinal decompression therapy.
Spinal decompression therapy is a nonsurgical, traction-based treatment outcome for herniated or bulging discs in the neck and low back. Anyone who has back, neck, arm or leg pain caused by a degenerated or damaged disc may be helped by spinal decompression therapy.
Specific conditions that may be helped by this therapeutic procedure include herniated or bulging discs, spinal stenosis, sciatica, facet syndrome, spondylosis or even failed spinal surgery. Many patients, some with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-documented disc herniations, have achieved good to excellent results after spinal decompression therapy.
The computerized traction head on the decompression table or machine is the key to the therapys effectiveness. The preprogrammed patterns for ramping up and down the amount of axial distraction permit decompression to occur at the disc level. This creates a negative pressure within the disc, allowing the protruded or herniated portion to be pulled back within the normal confines of the disc, which permits healing to occur.
To reduce inflammation and assist the healing process, supporting structures are treated with passive therapies (ice/heat/muscle stimulation), chiropractic adjustments (when indicated) and/or active rehabilitation in order to strengthen the spinal musculature.
Your specific treatment plan which is usually covered by insurance - will be determined by the doctor after your examination. Based on research and our offices clinical experience, the best results have been achieved with 12 to 20 sessions over a four to six-week period.
If you are suffering from a degenerated or herniated disc, I encourage you to explore safe and effective spinal decompression therapy before risking surgery. For more information, ask your doctor if you might be a candidate.
Posted on October 29, 2017 at 10:00 PM
Vaccination Evidence Says It's Time to Question Medical Authority
JULY 23, 2013 BY PAUL FASSA
(Health Secrets) Recent outbreaks of mumps were surprising because virtually all those infected had received vaccination for mumps. Approximately 80% of the almost 2000 afflicted had received the required two shots of MMR (measles, mumps, rubella) vaccine. But amazingly, regional health authorities answer was to recommend a third dangerous shot as the solution, a logic that defies reason.
Questioning Medical Authority
Even a CDC vaccine FAQ site admits that mumps in children is a mild disease, and once they've had the mumps, they won't get it again. This is because they've been naturally immunized by having it!
In rural communities years ago, parents intentionally exposed their kids to children with measles, mumps, or chickenpox to confer future immunity. This was done successfully and without exposing the children to toxins and side effects. Today, we have to wonder if the risk of immediate or future negative effects from vaccinating against usually harmless childhood diseases makes sense.
Mumps and measles used to occur naturally in children well before puberty. In this recent outbreak among completely vaccinated youngsters, the average age for the afflicted was 15, leading to the conclusion that they came down with mumps as a result of being vaccinated.
Administering a third MMR shot raises the stakes that injury or long term health issues will occur as the result of vaccination to purportedly prevent this mild childhood disease. Vaccines are loaded with toxic ingredients such as thimerasol (mercury), aluminum and formaldehyde, and the immune system is bypassed when live attenuated viruses are directly injected into the blood stream. Many vaccine authorities have concluded that a three phase vaccination provides the greatest risk of a cytokine storm, which occurs when an overly stimulated immune system feeds on the host with terrible, often life crippling and even lethal consequences.
Double Speak and Double Think
In his novel 1984, George Orwell explained double speak as expressing contradictory comments in one statement. Later the notion of double think arose to describe the ability to hold contradicting views simultaneously.
An example of contradicting views held at the same time: Newborns are required to receive hepatitis B vaccinations; hepatitis B is transmitted sexually or by sharing needles. Obviously newborns are not having sex and sharing needles. And hepatitis B vaccinations have caused nightmarish consequences for many inoculated in the past. That's with short term results. Longer term side effects remain to be seen.
Following the mumps outbreaks, the CDC told mainstream media that the MMR vaccine was not 100% effective against mumps, but actually only 75% to 85% effective. And strikingly, the percentage range of the mumps victims who did receive both MMR vaccinations was 75% to 85%! These two statements were printed very near each other in the same body of a media report, a blatant case of double speak.
Think about it. When an attenuated live virus is injected into the blood stream, the very disease vaccinated against can be contracted. So if a third shot is administered, maybe closer to 100% of the immunized will come down with mumps!
Vaccine Industry Scientist Blows the Whistle
Sanitizing vaccines by removing the preservatives thimerosal (mercury) and formaldehyde, or even withholding the adjuvants squalene and aluminum (both dangerous neurotoxins) from vaccines simply won't do. Those who truly understand the immune system and vaccinations will tell you that vaccination science is flawed at its foundation.
Investigative journalist Jon Rappaport recently interviewed a former vaccine scientist who used the pseudonym Dr. Mark Randall to avoid harassment and pension loss since he was once of the inner circle. Here's a small sampling of Mark Randall's remarks from this revealing interview:
The decline of disease is due to improved living conditions. [After investigating] I realized I was working in a sector based on a collection of lies. Most dangerous? The DPT shot. The MMR. As far as I'm concerned, all vaccines are dangerous. They can actually cause the disease they are supposed to prevent. They can cause other diseases.
Whether you think those who oppose vaccinations are conspiracy nuts or you're sitting on the fence regarding vaccinations, and even if you already know they're dangerous, it may be helpful to read the complete interview of Dr. Randall by Jon Rappaport, which is available here. http://www.alternative-doctor.com/vaccination/rappaport.htm
For more information:
Posted on October 29, 2017 at 9:45 PM
Dr. David B. Starkey DC MS Dipl. Ac.
VACCINATION: THE MYTH
Vaccination is a very controversial and emotional issue today. It is not a chiropractic issue, nor has it ever been. It is a freedom of choice issue. You as the parent have the ultimate responsibility for your child's health and well-being, and you, not your doctor, state, or federal health officials, will live with and be responsible for the consequences of your decision. Vaccines are portrayed as being indispensable and somehow better at disease protection than our innate biological defenses and nutritional resources have accomplished for thousands of years.
The Anthon reports that medical experts with financial ties to the vaccine manufacturers heavily influence the government's decisions endangering the health of innocent children to enhance profit. In the U.S. alone, they estimated that over $1 billion is generated each year from profits.
Although I administered them myself during my early years of practice, I have become a steadfast opponent of mass inoculations because of the myriad hazards they present.
Robert Mendelson, M.D.
Immunizations promote certain types of chronic diseases. And far from providing a genuine immunity, the vaccines are actually a form of immunosuppression...I could no longer bring myself to give the injections to children even when the parents wished me to.
Richard Moskowitz, M.D.
Isn't it ironic that we require or recommend immunizations in order to start school only to, in some cases, compromise some of the children by the very method we are using to supposedly protect them.
Mark Thoman, M.D.
Not only are vaccinations not able to completely prevent us from contracting a certain disease, but they also have many ingredients that have known reactions in the body. These ingredients include: Ethel Glycol (antifreeze), formaldehyde (preserving-bodies), acetone (finger nail polish remover), aluminum phosphate (carcinogens), mercury (cancer causing agent), phenol (carbon acid disinfectant), and Thimerosal (carcinogen). On average before the age of six, your child will have been vaccinated 34 times. Many childhood diseases have declined steadily due to the increases in technology, such as improved sanitation, nutrition and health care, but not because of vaccines. In a whooping cough outbreak in Cincinnati in 1993, 80% of those under the age of five who got whooping cough had been fully vaccinated. Every year 8 cases of Polio occur as a result of the vaccine. There has not been a naturally occurring case of Polio since 1979. Vaccination promises protection against a select number of chronic diseases that, for some mysterious reason, our own immune system and natural health resources cannot deal with effectively on their own. The common side effects that have been documented after vaccinations include chronic immunological and neurological disorders such as autism, hyperactivity, attention deficit disorders, dyslexia, allergies, cancer and other conditions. These diseases barely existed 30 years ago before mass vaccination programs.
Reactions to vaccinations can consist of persistent screaming, a high-pitched unusual cry, a state of unresponsiveness, fever with or without seizures or convulsions, excessive drowsiness, vomiting, diarrhea, headaches, nausea or apparent dizziness. If any of these symptoms occur any time, you should contact your physician, but this is especially important after a recent vaccination. It is estimated that physicians report less than 10% of vaccine damage and 97.5% vaccine related deaths go unreported. The U.S. pays more than $11 million each year in settlements and paid a total of $750 million in damages presently.
CHIROPRACTIC IS THE #1
SOURCE FOR A PROPERLY
FUNCTIONING NERVOUS AND
Chiropractic is a natural, simpler and holistic way of improving your child's immune system. Chiropractors look directly for a SUBLUXATION; this is a misalignment of a bone that is putting pressure on a nerve creating an interference or dysfunction in a body. There are three ways that a child or an adult gets a subluxation: Trauma - birth process (Dr. Towbin states that 80% of all children are subluxated at Birth), slips, or falls, stress, emotional, family dynamics, chemicals or drugs, antibiotics, vaccination, sugar, NutraSweet, 2nd hand smoke, and pollution. Chiropractors are the only health care professionals who can detect and correct your child's subluxation. Chiropractors look for the cause of your son/daughter's weakened immune and nervous system. In a recent study, children under chiropractic care can get sick less often and less severely, and they will rarely miss days from school. Recent studies show that they have fewer emotional and learning disabilities and other neurological problems connected with childhood. Chiropractic Kids also have less need for antibiotics, less occurrence of ear infections, tonsillitis and the immune system strength is doubled.
It is clear that American health care consumers are not going to win the right to make informed, independent health care decisions, including vaccination decisions, for themselves and their children unless they actively push for a change in state mandatory vaccination laws and support large scale reform of the mass vaccination system.
MOMS SPEAK OUT
I feel the body's own immune system is far better than injecting an unnatural substance. Most common childhood diseases are not life threatening. Once the child has the disease he/she is immune for life.
For more information contact
Dr. David B. Starkey
Posted on August 25, 2017 at 3:20 PM
Thirteen studies, excluding studies of headaches (note: hypnosis in the treatment of headaches is reviewed elsewhere in this issue) were identified that compared outcomes from hypnosis in the treatment of chronic pain to either baseline data or a control condition. Hypnosis has been applied to a variety of chronic-pain conditions including those from cancer (Elkins, Cheung, Marcus, Palamara, & Rajab, 2004; Spiegel & Bloom, 1983), low-back problems (McCauley, Thelen, Frank, Willard, & Callen, 1983; Spinhoven & Linssen, 1989), arthritis (Gay, Philippot, & Luminet, 2002), sickle cell disease (Dinges et al., 1997), temporomandibular conditions (Simon & Lewis, 2000; Winocur, Gavish, Emodi-Perlman, Halachmi, & Eli, 2002), fibromyalgia (Haanen et al., 1991), physical disability (Jensen et al., 2005), and mixed etiologies (Appel & Bleiberg, 2005�??2006; Edelson & Fitzpatrick, 1989; Melzack & Perry, 1975). These studies are reviewed in regard to research design and outcomes for each chronic-pain condition.
Spiegel and Bloom (1983) assigned 54 women with chronic cancer pain from breast carcinoma to either standard care (n = 24) or weekly expressive-supportive group therapy for up to 12 months (n = 30). The women randomized to the group therapy condition were assigned to groups that either did or did not have self-hypnosis training as a part of their treatment. The hypnosis intervention was directed toward enhancing patient competence and mastery in managing pain and stress related to cancer. Hypnotic training included suggestions to �??filter out the hurt�?� of any sensations by imagining competing sensations in affected areas. Patients were also given instructions for using self-hypnosis outside of the group-therapy sessions. Both treatment groups demonstrated significantly less pain and suffering than the control sample. Hypnosis was not the main focus of the expressive-supportive group-therapy sessions, however, patients who received hypnosis in addition to group therapy reported significantly (p
Posted on February 11, 2017 at 3:25 PM
Strain/Sprain is ONE Syndrome
Not Two Separate Pathologies
And Is Permanent
By Mark Studin DC, FASBE(C), DAAPM, DAAMLP
William J. Owens DC, DAAMLP
Citation: Studin M., Owens W. (2017) Strain/Sprain Is One Syndrome Not 2 Separate Pathologies and is Permanent, American Chiropractor 39 (2) 26, 28, 30-31
According to the National Institute of Health???s, National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Disorders:
A sprain is an injury to a ligament (tissue that connects two or more bones at a joint). In a sprain, one or more ligaments is stretched or torn. A strain is an injury to a muscle or a tendon (tissue that connects muscle to bone). In a strain, a muscle or tendon is stretched or torn. (https://www.niams.nih.gov/health_info/sprains_strains/sprains_and_strains_ff.asp)
Historically, doctors of all disciplines in the clinical setting and lawyers in the medical-legal arena have erroneously attempted to separate them into 2 distinct injuries allowing a false conclusion to be derived in either prognosis or legal arguments when considering connective tissue pathology as sequella to trauma.
Solomonow (2009) wrote:
There are several ligaments in every joint in the human skeleton and they are considered as the primary restraints of the bones constituting the joint. Ligaments are also sensory organs and have significant input to sensation and reflexive/synergistic activation of muscles. The muscles associated with any given joint, therefore, also have a significant role as restraints. In some joints, such as the intervertebral joints of the spine, the role of the muscles as restraints is amplified. The role of ligaments as joint restraints is rather complex when considering the multitude of physical activities performed by individuals in routine daily functions, work and sports, the complexity of the anatomy of the different joints and the wide range of magnitude and velocity of the external loads. As joints go through their range of motion, with or without external load, the ligaments ensure that the bones associated with the joint travel in their prescribed anatomical tracks, keep full and even contact pressure of the articular surfaces, prevent separation of the bones from each other by increasing their tension, as may be necessary, and ensuring stable motion. Joint stability, therefore, is the general role of ligaments without which the joint may subluxate, cause damage to the capsule, cartilage, tendons, nearby nerves and blood vessels, discs (if considering spinal joints) and to the ligaments themselves. Such injury may debilitate the individual by preventing or limiting his/her use of the joint and the loss of function. Pgs. 136-137
While ligaments are primarily known as mechanical or supportive structures responsible for joint stability, they have equally important neurological functions. Anatomical studies have shown that ligaments in the extremities and the spine are endowed with nerves called mechanoreceptors. The presence of such that sense and send neurological information to the spine and brain in the ligaments confirms that they contribute to proprioception (feeling and analyzes one???s physical positon in space and time) and kinesthesia (similar to proprioception but can maintain feeling in these nerves even with aberrant neurological imput elsewhere) and also has a distinct role in reflex activation or inhibition of muscular activities.
Simply put, the nerves in ligaments attempts to alter muscle activity to prevent further biomechanical failure and pathology (bodily injury), which effects one???s ability to move in a balanced homeostatic manner leading to further functional loss in a short amount of time. The presence of such nerves in the ligaments confirms that they contribute to proprioception and kinesthesia and have a distinct role in reflex activation or inhibition of muscular activities. Therefore, the muscles and tendons (which are inherent in muscular activity), are responsive and dependent upon ligament activity in function with both normal and pathological (inclusive of trauma) activities.
Solomonow (2009) also reported that as far back as the turn of the last century, that a reflex may exist from sensory receptors in the ligaments to muscles that may directly or indirectly modify the load imposed on the ligament. A clear demonstration of a reflex activation of muscles finally provided in 1987 and reconfirmed several times since then. It was further shown that such a ligamento-muscular reflex exists in most extremity joints and in the spine.
A Single trauma according to Panjabi (2006) can cause either a tear in the ligament called laxity or a subfailure injury of the spinal ligaments and injury to the mechanoreceptors embedded in the ligaments and the following cascade of events occur: pgs. 669-670
NOTE: The subfailure injury of the spinal ligament is defined as an injury caused by stretching of the tissue beyond its physiological limit, but less than its failure point.
When the injured spine performs a task or it is challenged by an external load, the transducer signals generated by the mechanoreceptors are corrupted.
Neuromuscular control unit has difficulty in interpreting the corrupted transducer signals because there is spatial and temporal mismatch between the normally expected and the corrupted signals received.
The muscle response pattern generated by the neuromuscular control unit is corrupted, affecting the spatial and temporal coordination and activation of each spinal muscle.
The corrupted muscle response pattern leads to corrupted feedback to the control unit via tendon organs of muscles and injured mechanoreceptors, further corrupting the muscle response pattern.
The corrupted muscle response pattern produces high stresses and strains in spinal components leading to further subfailure injury of the spinal ligaments, mechanoreceptors and muscles, and overload of facet joints.
The abnormal stresses and strains produce inflammation of spinal tissues, which have abundant supply of nociceptive sensors and neural structures.
Consequently, over time, chronic biomechanical failure develops leading to premature degeneration and long-term pain.
Simply explained, when there is a ligament injury or sprain, the nerves in the ligament fire signals that go to the central nervous system and causes the muscles to react as compensation to bodily injury to stabilize the structure. That in turn sets up another cascade of problems if not compensated for or repaired as the muscle spasticity cannot maintain itself for long periods of time and goes into a posture of tetanus, or perpetual spasm until the lactic acid builds. This is followed by the muscle failing and putting the entire structure in a chronic biomechanically unstable position and causing the bone to remodel or become arthritic.
According to Hauser ET. Al (2013) ligament instability in either subfailures or laxity are a clear cause of osteoarthritis. This is not speculative as the inured will develop arthritis in 100% of the time and is consistent with Wolff???s Law that has been, and continues to be accepted since the late 18th century.
Therefore, as per the above scenario, strain-sprain is an intertwined syndrome that cannot either mechanically or neurologically be separated and will cause arthritis in 100% of the post-trauma instance. How much arthritis and how quickly it will develop is dependent upon how much ligamentous damage there is.
What Are Sprains and Strains? National Institute of Health, National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Disorders (2016) Retrieved from:(https://www.niams.nih.gov/health_info/sprains_strains/sprains_and_strains_ff.asp)
Solomonow, M. (2009). Ligaments: a source of musculoskeletal disorders.Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies,13(2), 136-154.
Panjabi, M. M. (2006). A hypothesis of chronic back pain: ligament subfailure injuries lead to muscle control dysfunction.European Spine Journal,15(5), 668-676.
Hauser R., Dolan E., Phillips H., Newlin A., Moore R., Woldin B., Ligament & Healing Injuries: A Review of Current Clinical Diagnostics and Therapeutics, The Open Rehabilitation Journal, 2013, 6, 1-20
Posted on October 12, 2016 at 2:05 PM
Dr. David B. Starkey DC MS Dipl. Ac.
Correlating Crash Severity with Injury Risk, Injury
Severity, and Long-term Symptoms in Low Velocity Motor Vehicle Collisions
Medical Science Monitor
October 2005; 11(10): RA316-321
Arthur C. Croft and Michael D. Freeman
These authors note: In the mid-1990s, a set of
guidelines was published by a leading U.S. auto insurer instructing claims
adjusters that injury claims resulting from motor vehicle crashes with less than
$1,000 US in claimant's vehicle property are "unlikely to — or cannot
cause significant or permanent injury" and should "be handled as a
fraudulent claim," regardless of medical evidence of injury. The
"claim goal was to close without payment."
The MIST (minor impact soft tissue) protocol uses
vehicle property damage as a construct for injury, and all injury claims less
than $1,000 US of vehicle property damage are considered to be false.
These authors "conducted a comprehensive best
evidence synthesis of the existing medical and engineering literature to
investigate the relationship between vehicular structural damage and occupant
injury in motor vehicle crashes."
points noted in this article include:
1. A substantial number of injuries are reported in
crashes of little or no property damage.
2. Property damage is an unreliable predictor of
injury risk or outcome in low velocity crashes!
3. 95% of rear impact injury crashes occur below 25
4. Rear-end collision injury severity and duration
can be reduced with a head restraint closer to the occupant's head.
5. Well-done studies documented cases of injury with
"almost no vehicle damage."
6. There is "no statistically significant
associations between crash severity and the 6-month injury status."!
7. "Persons who were unaware of the impending
crash were significantly more likely to have persistent symptoms."
8."No statistically significant relationships
existed between measures of crash severity in terms of calculated velocity
change or maximum deformation and long-term symptoms."
9. There are no significant correlations between
crash severity and long-term symptoms.
10.There is a substantial injury risk in frontal and
rear impact low speed crashes without sustaining appreciable vehicle damage.
11."It seems clear that property damage in low
velocity motor vehicle crashes does not provide a reliable means of assessing
the validity of injury claims and, provides no reliable means of
prognosticating long term outcome."
12."A substantial number of injuries are
reported in crashes of severities that are unlikely to result in significant
13."Property damage is neither a valid
predictor of acute injury risk nor of symptom duration."
14."Based upon our best evidence synthesis, the
level of vehicle property damage appears to be an invalid construct for injury
presence, severity, or duration."
15. "The MIST protocol for prediction of injury
does not appear to be valid."
Similar reviews of articles pertaining to whiplash
trauma, subluxation, neurology, neuroimmunology, nutrition, and health can be
accessed on this webpage, www.danmurphydc.com.
Dr. David B. Starkey DC MS Dipl. Ac.
Posted on September 19, 2016 at 12:10 AM
When It Comes To Chiropractic Care... You Are Not Alone
Many people find significant improvement in their neuromusculoskeletal function through the utilization of chiropractic services including many "famous" people who seek chiropractic care in order to:
1) get rid of pain;
2) improve function;
3) enhance their acting, musical skills, or sporting edge.
The following is an inspiring list of various celebrities and a comment about what chiropractic provides for them personally:
Mel Gibson uses chiropractic on a regular basis. On the cover of the June 22, 2000 edition of TV Guide Insider, is a picture of Mel Gibson dressed for his then upcoming movie "The Patriot". In the story, they talk about how Mr. Gibson uses chiropractic on a regular basis. In the article he states, "I got a chiropractor to come along to the [Patriot] shoot, because they can actually stick you back together within 15 minutes. He used to come every other week, from Los Angeles to South Carolina - spend a week and work on the entire crew. All the stunt guys were like, Oh, fix my disc. He is putting their discs back in. The guy is amazing."
Arnold Schwarzenegger is another fan and devote recipient of chiropractic care. Each year in Columbus, OH Arnold addresses a chiropractic fitness symposium held in conjunction with his "Arnold Classic".
At the event in February 2000, he made the following remarks,
"Chiropractic is about health and fitness. Chiropractic is about natural, preventive health care. What you are doing, and I have experienced this for the last 30 years myself on my own body, means that whenever I have a problem-or even if I don't have a problem-and I go to a chiropractor, my problems are gone for a long time."
Kevin Jonas, Sr.- Manager of Jonas Brothers states... "Chiropractic care promotes a healthy body, mind and lifestyle. I have found, with regular chiropractic care, our family stays healthier and sleeps better. We are more relaxed and stress is easily overcome."
Barbara Bunkowsky - LPGA Tour Professional states... "I Have found that chiropractic keeps me flexible and pain-free so that I can perform at my highest level. The benefits of chiropractic have improved my golf swing, putting less stress and strain on my body and allowing me to be a more productive golfer. I believe it also helps prevent other associated injuries that are very common on the LPGA tour."
Dan O'Brien - 1996 Olympic Decathlon gold medalist said... "You obviously can't compete at your fullest if you're not in alignment. And your body can't heal if your back is not in alignment. It was the holistic idea that I liked about chiropractic and tat is what track and field is about. Every track and field athlete that that I have ever met has seen a chiropractor at one time or another. In track and field, it is absolutely essential. Chiropractic care is one of the things I think that no one has denied or refuted."
Madonna at 50 years old, even brought her personal Chiropractor along with her on her most recent tour to help her de-stress and prevent injuries. Prior to the tour she is quoted as saying, "It's going to be very draining, and she needs him (her Chiropractor) around to aid in her recovery time after each show," ...an insider tells Life & Style says online gossip column In Case You Didn't Know.
Sara Harding- Miss Fitness USA 2006 states, "Basically, I've always believed in chiropractic care. My parents introduced my brothers and myself to chiropractic care when we were very young and it's been an instrumental part of my life. I believe that it allowed me to do gymnastics when I was very little and allowed me to stay in sports and lead a very active lifestyle. I think it's natural to have aches and pains when you bend your body in directions it wasn't necessarily meant to [be bent in], so it makes sense to go to a chiropractor to get my body back in alignment. Ever since I can remember, I've gone to a chiropractor. "
Lance Armstrong - Seven Time Tour de France winner Lance Armstrong has received chiropractic care since January of 1999, helping him to keep his body together for the harsh demands of the Tour de France. After one Tour de France, Lance said that he could not have won without his chiropractor's help.
Jerry Rice-3 Time Super Bowl Champion: "Chiropractic care has been instrumental in my life, both on and off the field, and I am excited to share this with the American public," says Rice. "I have been blessed with a long and healthy career as a professional athlete, and as I move forward into the next stage of my life, chiropractic care will continue to be an important part of my game plan."
Tiger Woods - "I've been going to chiropractors for as long as I can remember. It's as important to my training as practicing my swing."
Marla Maples Trump ...has made her Chiropractic care a family priority. Her daughter gets adjusted and she has referred her husband, mother, chauffeur, nanny and personal assistant for care.
There has been a growing trend among athletes using chiropractic care.
Approximately 31% of NFL teams have a chiropractor on staff and 39% of all Division I athletes said they use chiropractic either to get into top shape or to stay there. Many say chiropractic helps them to get into top physical shape without the use of drugs. Sean Atkins, PhD, Exercise Physiologist stated "I would estimate that in excess of 90% of all world-class athletes use chiropractic care to prevent injuries and to increase their performance potential."
In a study conducted by the New Zealand School of Chiropractic, University of Auckland, New Zealand, reaction times were improved and shortened in volunteer subjects who received chiropractic care over those that did not. The group who received chiropractic adjustments showed a decrease in reaction time of 97 milliseconds representing a 14.8 percent quicker reaction time.
A recent internet article gave some interesting information on one of the world's most famous faces. For years we've seen and heard in the news about the health challenges faced by Elizabeth Taylor. We've all seen photos of her in a wheel chair and heard about her battle with prescription drugs she had been taking for back pain. It was wonderful to read she had sought out the care of a chiropractor, with great results. She credits her chiropractor for her successful rehabilitation and recovery from back problems. Ms. Taylor is hardly the only celebrity to utilize chiropractic care to regain and maintain her health. Other chiropractic regulars include Warren Beatty, James Earl Jones, Arnold Schwarzenegger, Jack Nicholson, Julie Andrews, Jane Seymour, and Mel Gibson.
Many Olympic athletes utilize chiropractic to maximize health and performance. Track and field stars Carl Lewis, Michael Johnson, and Edwin Moses, as well as, diver Greg Louganis, decathalon athlete Dan O'Brien, and swimmer Sheila Taormina are a few medalists who seek chiropractic care, sometimes immediately before their competitions to enhance performance--without drugs. Boxer Evander Holyfield, was introduced to chiropractic during the 1983 Pan Am Games. He was quoted in 1988 as saying, "I have to have my adjustment before going into the ring".
Olympic athletes are not the only athletes under chiropractic care. Professional basketball great, Wilt Chamberlain, baseball Hall of Famer Wade Boggs, and football heroes Joe Montana, Drew Pearson, and Fran Tarkenton use chiropractic. Fran Tarkenton joined Wade Boggs in claiming chiropractic has been useful in keeping him productive and prolonging his career. Boggs stated in 1998 that, "By getting an adjustment once a week...I feel I can sustain my career a lot longer."
No one would claim celebrities have all the answers. However, it would seem that with all the options celebrity affords them, the fact they seek chiropractic care to meet their healthcare needs says something about the value of chiropractic for optimum health!
Posted on May 5, 2015 at 11:45 AM
Whiplash is a generic term applied to injuries of the neck caused when the neck is suddenly and/or violently jolted in one direction and then another, creating a whip-like movement. Whiplash is most commonly seen in people involved in motor vehicle accidents, but it can also occur from falls, sports injuries, work injuries, and other incidents.
What structures are injured in a whiplash?
Whiplash injuries most often result in sprain-strain of the neck. The ligaments that help support, protect, and restrict excessive movement of the vertebrae are torn, which is called a sprain. The joints in the back of the spine, called the facet joints, are covered by ligaments called facet capsules, which seem to be particularly susceptible to whiplash injury.
In addition, the muscles and tendons are strained—stretched beyond their normal limits. The discs between the vertebrae, which are essentially ligaments, can be torn, potentially causing a disc herniation. The nerve roots between the vertebrae may also be stretched and become inflamed. Even though it is very rare, vertebrae can be fractured and/or dislocated in a whiplash injury.
What are the common signs and symptoms of whiplash?
The most common symptoms of whiplash are pain and stiffness in the neck. These symptoms are generally found in the areas that are “whiplashed.” For example, during a whiplash, first the head is lifted up from the upper-cervical spine. This creates a sprain/strain in the region just below the skull, where symptoms usually occur. Symptoms may also commonly be seen in the front and back of the neck. Turning the head often makes the pain and discomfort worse.
Headache, especially at the base of the skull, is also a common symptom, seen in more than two thirds of patients. These headaches may be one-sided (unilateral) or experienced on both sides (bilateral). In addition, the pain and stiffness may extend down into the shoulders and arms, upper back, and even the upper chest.
In addition to the musculoskeletal symptoms, some patients also experience dizziness, difficulty swallowing, nausea, and even blurred vision after a whiplash injury. While these symptoms are disconcerting, in most cases, they disappear within a relatively short time. If they persist, it is very important to inform your doctor that they are not resolving. Vertigo (the sensation of the room spinning) and ringing in the ears may also be seen. In addition, some patients may feel pain in the jaw. Others will even complain of irritability, fatigue, and difficulty concentrating. These symptoms also resolve quickly in most cases. In rare cases, symptoms can persist for weeks, months, or even years.
Another important and interesting aspect of whiplash is that the signs and symptoms often do not develop until 2 to 48 hours after the injury. This scenario is relatively common but not completely understood. Some speculate that it may be due to delayed muscle soreness, a condition seen in other circumstances.
How is whiplash treated?
One of the most important aspects of whiplash management is for the patient to stay active, unless there is some serious injury that requires immobilization. Patients should not be afraid to move and be active, within reason. In addition, your doctor will often prescribe an exercise or stretching program. It is particularly important to follow this program as prescribed, so that you can achieve the best long-term benefits.
Chiropractic manipulation and physical therapy
Ice and/or heat are often used to help control pain and reduce the muscle spasm that results from whiplash injuries. Other physical therapy modalities, such as electrical stimulation and/or ultrasound, may provide some short-term relief. They should not, however, replace an active-care program of exercise and stretching. Spinal manipulation and/or mobilization provided by a chiropractor can also give relief in many cases of neck pain.
Can whiplash be prevented?
Generally speaking, whiplash cannot be “prevented,” but there are some things that you can do while in a motor vehicle that may reduce the chances of a more severe injury. Always wear restraints (lap or shoulder belt), and ensure that the headrest in your vehicle is adjusted to the appropriate height.
Posted on May 5, 2015 at 11:20 AM
DR. DAVID B. STARKEY DC MS DIPL. AC.
The most important piece of
golf equipment is your spine!
Professional golf instructors estimate that 80-100% of golfers' swing problems begin from faulty posture. Therefore, having a Chiropractor evaluate your posture should be the first and most important step toward building an optimal golf swing. Most postural faults are caused by muscle and connective tissue imbalances that pull a golfers body out of alignment, or a misalignment in spinal bones. The result of an unbalanced or asymmetrical standing posture will always be unbalanced and decreased performance. If the golf instructors are correct, a poor posture, when addressing the ball, will result in a poor and/or inconsistent golf swing. Moreover, sooner or later, golfing with a poor posture and swing motion will cause injuries. Research states that 80% of the population has lower back pain.
An onlooker may assume that the never-ending quest to put the little white ball into the cup calls upon little of the athleticism required by other warm-weather sports such as tennis or cycling. Not true. Many avid golfers contort their bodies into oddly twisted postures, generating a great deal of torque-the twisting force that opens a bottle cap-on the back. Couple this motion with a bent-over stance, repeat 90 to 120 times over three or four hours, add the fatigue that comes with several miles of walking, and you've got a good workout-and a recipe for potential lower back trouble.
As America's love affair with the game continues to grow and are playing in a big tournament, chiropractors advocate taking a proactive approach that will prepare your body for many years of pain-free play. "Most golfers go until they are in pain, then look for immediate relief. "Dr. David B. Starkey advocates a different approach-by helping patients look at what they can do right now to reduce the likelihood of future injury.” We want people to be able to play without pain and have the greatest potential for a lifetime.
If you take this approach, you're in good company. As a chiropractor I have found the direct connection between the spine and performance. Nerves control every muscle in your spine. A pinched nerve will decrease performance. “The difference between winning and losing could be just one stroke.” Many professional golfers such as Tiger Woods, Jack Nicklaus, and Tom Watson rely on chiropractors to increase their performance. To find out if chiropractic could increase your performance in golf please call me to schedule an appointment.